Sunday, 12 May 2013

Overcoming the trauma of Social Violence

Occupying most of the news violence is something that affects all of us, unlike social class, economic, race, color, sexual orientation, age and religion. The originality of violence is demonstrated many times in the Holy Scriptures, which is a direct result of the rebellion of Adam and Eve, and reflecting on their sons Cain and Abel. A terrible story between two brothers where Cain kills Abel, for base reasons, led to jealousy and envy, knowing that his offer was not accepted by God, it carries the first murder in history, giving the originality of violence and the proliferation of rights violations against life. Towards criminal homicide expresses the destruction of the life of a human being caused by voluntary act (action or inaction) of another man or human being. Are therefore basic to the constitution of the murder, as a crime: a) the pre-existence of a human life, b) the voluntary act of the agent or efficient cause of death ravages, whether resulting from action or inaction, c) intention determined the agent to produce the destruction, this is Necandi animus (spirit to cause death). Traditionally, the rate of crimes against life, in particular murder, is considered a "thermometer" of the degree of violence found in a given society, can be seen as perhaps the most serious of extensive social problems existing in the same society.
By this definition we can see how much was the heart and mind of Cain when planning the murder of his brother. Describes the book of Genesis chap.4 vers. 3-8 ...

"What happened at the end of days that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. And Abel, he also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of the fat thereof And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering. But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And was wroth
Cain strongly, and drooped his countenance. And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? And why has your countenance fallen? If thou doest well, is not that right be accepted? And if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door, and unto thee shall be his desire, but thou shalt rule over him. And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him. "

The murder was intentional, ie, there will of Cain killing Abel, murder qualifies, there will homicidal agent, manifested in the decision to kill or undetermined intent to kill.
Murder in death is always expected and desired by the agent, for employing efficient means or susceptible to get the desired result. Clearly distinguished from manslaughter, because this was not the intention, either directly or indirectly and was caused by the fact that it should be anticipated and avoided. The act of Cain reveals the nature of humanity, now ruined by sin, commits violence on violence, giving up the diversity of typifications of offenses listed in our Brazilian Penal Code and demonstrated by the Holy Scriptures. The evident evil of Lamech who killed two men, described in the book of Genesis, ch. 4 vers. 23

  "And Lamech said unto his wives: Adah and Zillah hear my voice, You wives of Lamech listen to my words, for I have slain a man for wounding me, a young and for me to tread."

And Lamech was the first to reject the principle of monogamous marriage, ordained by God, Lamech was the grandson of Cain, the son of Enoch. The hereditary depravity was spreading steadily in the home and family. In Criminal Law Brazilian homicide in topographical terms, is the chapter on crimes against the life of the Criminal Code, being the first offense by it signified is murder (Article 121, § 1 and § 2 of the CP). Undeniably, the murder is the most shocking violation of the moral sense of civilized mankind average, according to Nelson teaches Hungary. As remember it, citing the definition of Carmignani, characterized by violent hominis Caedes ab injuste patrata, ocisão violent a man unjustly committed by another man (remember that some
homicides are "fair" from a legal standpoint, for example, is due to self defense).
Moreover, the Constitution, the law places the protection of the right to life as one of the foundations of the rule of law. Thus the government has the primary duty to protect this right.
Homicide is something that is around the human being, as if from the formation of the world was, how much more, despite the increase of greed, always wanting more of each individual, want to demonstrate the ability of strength and power , seeing no limits and no barriers but going ahead of everything and everyone. Not even children are safe from this act of cruelty, as practiced in cold blood, not fearing the law of God, the more fear the law of man? Are really unexplained such events, desires and aspirations of society taking care of your mind and soul, that to fight for the validation of the death penalty, that is also looking to be a murderer, therefore remains to say that society generally carries a craving for blood destruction.
The root of violence:
Nuclear explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the destruction of the Twin Towers are still significant examples of violence. However, violence is not limited to war and terrorism. Rather, violence pervades all nature of human relationships and manifests itself in all forms of abuse, often not so obvious. John was a very kind and polite. His conversation was pleasant and his presence commanded respect. Attended church regularly and helped in their activities. I remember that he cared deeply about the decorum and reverence in worship. However, one day I came to know that John beat his wife who was pregnant. Something deep in the heart of John made him violently abusing his wife. The Bible recognizes the existence and condemns violent behavior in all areas of human activity, for example, the policy (Ez 45:9), marriage (Malachi 2:16), religion (Ezekiel 34:4, Zephaniah 3:4, Matthew 11:12), and environment (Habakkuk 2:8). Since most people will experience or cause some or various forms of violence during their lifetime, we must ask ourselves: How can we get rid of the destructive force of violence? To answer this question, we need to familiarize ourselves with its nature.
What is Violence?
Violence is the use of physical force or verbal, that harms or destroys something or someone to satisfy a personal desire. Ignoring the regular mode of proceeding, and the canons of reason and justice, violence seeks to win the will of the people, in order to master them, use them, make them suffer, or destroy them. In short, violence destroys the human being, spiritually andphysically. Use violence to dominate and manipulate other humans in order to satisfy our desires. Violence occurs when we seek to satisfy our lusts (kill or possess what belongs to someone else) or when we can not control our good wishes (eating, sleeping, procreating). When cravings, become habits, generate abusive behaviors that lead to damage not only our enemies but our friends, loved ones and even ourselves. The violence is closely linked to enmity, because the perpetrator is an enemy who oppresses and abuses. Nobody likes to have enemies or be subjected to violence. Like King David, everyone screams "save me from the hands of my enemies" (Psalm 31:15). This raises the question: How can we free ourselves from the violence of our enemies? And more importantly, how can we not be sources of violence and hostility? To answer these questions, we need to familiarize ourselves with the manifestations of violence.
Manifestations of Violence
The violence against the human being creates his fellows includes activities such as war, murder, torture, rape, pedophilia, abuse of the weak (children, women and elderly), theft, lies, fights, gossip and the like. These activities can occur at different levels of intensity, eg, mental abuse, physical abuse casual, torture and murder. Because the destructive nature of violence is evident, the company is controlled by all means necessary, including legal systems, security, military, prisons, education and counseling. Despite these efforts and their costs millionaires decrease the destructive effects of violence; they do not eliminate it, because they do not reach the deep roots that originate.
Where is the Violence?
Violence occurs through actions and words that come from the heart, the spiritual center of our conscious thoughts (Psalm 10:6, 11). With them, we can bless or curse (James 3:10). When the heart is proud, turns away from God, and it's bad, it becomes a source of violence (Psalm 119:122, Proverbs 10:11, Genesis 08:21, Proverbs 24:2). Because the violence stems from the wickedness of the heart (Romans 3:10-23), we can generate all violent acts and words even unintentionally. It is important to note that while the evil heart is permanent, the acts and words erupts sporadically. The heart is bad when we believe that we should remove all obstacles to fulfill our desires and aspirators. Desta attitude of the human heart, consciously or unconsciously, that originate from the violent acts that injure, oppress, abuse and kill millions of humans.
Beyond Violence: Love and Peace
As we saw in society, and the Bible condemns violence. However, while society attempts to prevent or punish acts of violence, the Bible considers the roots where they come from such acts: The evil heart that seeks its own interest. In summary, the roots of violence are spiritual and reside in the depths of the human heart, where both are generated thoughts, emotions, desires and wishes. When the human spirit wants to meet up at all costs, generates violence.
The Bible teaches that seek "my own interests" is the antithesis of love (1 Corinthians 13:4-6). When we love, instead of using, hurt, injure or kill, we give of ourselves to other human beings (John 3:16). Love overcomes and replaces violence with peace and service. The death of Christ on the cross is and always will be the ultimate expression of love in the universe. With these thoughts in mind an old question arises: Can we change our selfish heart in a loving heart? Both experience and the Bible teach that we can not do. However, the Bible also teaches that Christ can change our hearts.
Eradication of Violence
To eradicate violence from our actions, we must change the mobile and the central tendency of our hearts from selfishness to love. Our thoughts, emotions, desires and decisions should stop focusing on ourselves and focus on God and His Word. Furthermore, the content of our conscious thoughts, emotions, desires and decisions have to change.
This change is brought about by a supernatural act of God, but through the knowledge of Christ revealed in the Scriptures. When we contemplate the wisdom, mercy, love, promises and power of God, the heart is attracted by the beauty and holiness of God. They met Christ and will deliver our hearts, which is, our thoughts, emotions, desires and will experience the transformation of selfishness in love that cancels violence. To the extent that we let Christ through the Bible becomes the center of our spirit, love will reign in our hearts and we will no longer be generating violence. Rather, we will generate peaceful and constructive acts for the benefit of others, family, church, society, and even our enemies (Mateus5: 44). Also, love will give us patience, resignation and strength to withstand the violent acts perpetrated against us. There we will want revenge and will trust in Divine Judgment, which will reward each according to his works (Zephaniah 1:9, Romans 2:6). Finally, all readers who suffer oppression, abuse, terrorism, and war must remember that God in his providence has the desire and the power to strengthen, help, protect and to deliver them from the violence of their enemies (Psalm 118:13, 2 Samuel 22:03, Psalm 18:3, 48).

Bibliographic Reference
BIBLE. Available at: Book of Genesis, chap.4 vers. 3-8. Access 17/07/2012.
NIV Bible Commentary: Old and New Testament, FF general editor Bruce translation Valdemar Kroker - São Paulo: Editora Vida, 2009.
HOMICIDE. Available at: C3% Addio. access 17/07/2012
HUNGARY, Nelson Comments Penal Code, 5th Publisher Forensics, vol. I, volume II, p. 188.
​​, Damasio E. Criminal Law - Sao Paulo: Saraiva 1999.
Noronha, E. Magellan. Criminal Law - Sao Paulo: Saraiva, 1999.
CORE STUDY OF VIOLENCE, NEV, University of São PauloUSP, Available at: Access 17/07/2012.
Magazine of El Centinela September/2010. ERRA, Teresa. Homicide Qualified - Coimbra, 1994.Artigo written by Fernando Canale (Doctor of Theology and professor at Andrews University in Berrien Springs, Michigan).

Reference the Author:
Lilian Santos Bernardo da Silva - Mediator and conciliator Judicial Court in the state of São Paulo-Brazil
Contacts: / cell 55-11-98763-1969

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